RIVLIN, distinguished Jerusalem family. The Rivlin family claims descent from moses rivkes (d. 1671), son of Naphtali Hirsch Sofer of the Prague Jewish community, son of Pethaḥiah Sofer of that community, son of the scholarly Joseph, and from moses b. david kramer (d. 1688), who was av bet din and head of the yeshivah in Vilna. Elijah Ḥasid (d. 1710), son of Moses Kramer, married the daughter of Pethahiah, son of Moses Rivkes. The original family name, Riveles, derived according to the then prevalent custom from the feminine name Riva, or Rivka. Apparently the name Riveles (= Rivlin) was first used by Solomon Zalman, son of Ẓevi Hirsch, who was the rabbi and head of the community of shklov in Belorussia in the middle of the 18th century. He was a grandson of Elijah Ḥasid, son of Moses Kramer. Two of the sons of Solomon Zalman were Elijah and Benjamin Riveles, who were leading Jews in Shklov at the end of the 18th century and the beginning of the 19th. Benjamin was a second cousin and disciple of elijah b. solomon zalman , Gaon of Vilna, and his descendants formed the branches of the Rivlins who were Perushim, or Mitnaggedim, and observed the customs of Elijah, Gaon of Vilna. On the other hand, the sons of Elijah Riveles, also known as Elijah Platkes, were followers of shneur zalman of Lyady, and they and their descendants were Ḥabad Ḥasidim. The descendants of the brothers Elijah and Benjamin Riveles were among the leaders of Lithuanian and Belorussian Jewry, especially in the cities of Shklov, Mohilev and Vilna. According to family tradition BENJAMIN RIVLIN (Riveles), founded an association called Ḥazon Zion, which had the aim of encouraging immigration to Ereẓ Israel. As a consequence, a group of the Gaon's disciples went to Ereẓ Israel, founded there the kolel of the Perushim and renewed the Ashkenazi community in Jerusalem. Benjamin himself did not succeed in reaching the country, dying on the way in 1812. In addition to being a renowned Torah scholar, he also studied the natural sciences, particularly medicine and pharmacy, and traded in medicaments. Of his numerous works, only the small book Gevi'i Gevi'a ha-Kesef (Shklov, 1804) was   published. His son HILLEL (1758–1838), born in Shklov, was active in the Ḥazon Zion association. In 1809 he immigrated to Ereẓ Israel at the head of a company of 70 people, among whom were disciples of the Vilna Gaon, and settled in Jerusalem. MOSES (1781–1846), son of Hillel, lived in Shklov, where he officiated as a Maggid. After his father immigrated to Ereẓ Israel, he headed the Ḥazon Zion association. He came to Ereẓ Israel himself in 1841 where he was appointed head of the Ashkenazi community in Jerusalem by the rabbis of Russia and Lithuania. Among his writings is Beit Midrash, published in Vilna in 1861 by his son ISAAC EISIK (?–1869). When Elijah Joseph Rivlin (1805–1865), grandson of Elijah Platkes, went to Jerusalem in 1847, the members of the Ḥabad branch of the family joined the family and Ḥabad Ḥasidim already in the country in such places as Jerusalem, Hebron, and Tiberias. Members of the family became heads of the kolelim and public institutions in Jerusalem and Hebron, such as talmud torahs, hospitals, and gemilut ḥasadim societies, and were among those who extended the limits of Jewish settlement in Jerusalem and other cities. Other members of the family traveled to Western Europe. There, too, branches of the family evolved, some of whose children moved to Jewish centers in America. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Ḥ.H. Rivlin, Ḥazon Ẓiyyon (1947); M. Kasher, Ha-Tekufah ha-Gedolah (1969); A. Horowitz, Mosad ha-Yesod (1948); S.J. Fuenn, Kiryah Ne'emanah (1915); Frumkin-Rivlin, Toledot, 3 (1929), 175, 224, 227, 261; 263; S.Z. Rivlin, Ha-Maggid Doresh Ẓiyyon (1960). (Benjamin Rivlin)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Rivlin — ( he. ריבלין) may refer to:* Alice Rivlin (b. 1931), American economist * Hillel Rivlin (1758 1838), a Rabbi and student of the Vilna Goan, which revitalized Ashkenazi community in Eretz Yisrael. * Reuven Rivlin (b. 1939), Israeli politician *… …   Wikipedia

  • Rivlin — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alice Rivlin (* 1931), US amerikanische Wirtschaftsmanagerin und Regierungsbeamte Eliezer Rivlin (* 1942), israelischer Jurist Reuven Rivlin (* 1939), israelischer Jurist und Politiker Ronald Rivlin… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • rivlin — /rivˈlin/ (Scot) noun 1. A shoe moulded from untanned hide, worn with the hair to the outside 2. (in pl) tatters, rags ORIGIN: OE rifling, ON hriflinger hide shoe * * * rivlin variant of riveling1 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Rivlin — Recorded in over seventy spellings forms including Reuben, Ruhben, Rubin and Rubel, to diminutives and patronymics such as Reubbens, Rubenovic, and Rubinivitz, and ornamental compounds such as Rubinfeld (ruby field) and Rubinsztein (ruby stone),… …   Surnames reference

  • Rivlin — n. family name …   English contemporary dictionary

  • RIVLIN, YOSEF YIẒḤAK — (1837–1896), leader of the Jewish community in Jerusalem. Born in Jerusalem, Rivlin was a fourth generation descendant of Hillel Rivlin (see rivlin ), family the leader of the disciples of the Vilna Gaon who settled in Ereẓ Israel in the early… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • RIVLIN, JOSEPH JOEL — (1889–1971), Israeli educator and scholar of Arabic language and literature. Born in jerusalem , Rivlin was the son of Reuven Rivlin, the last secretary of the general council of Keneset Yisrael. His mother, a sister of avraham shapira , died… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • RIVLIN, ALICE — (Mitchell; 1931– ), U.S. economist and government official. Born in Philadelphia, Rivlin was raised in Bloomington, Ind., and educated at Bryn Mawr College (B.A. 1952) and Radcliffe College, Harvard University (M.A. 1955; Ph.D. 1958). She had a… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • RIVLIN, ELIEZER — (1889–1942), historian and journalist in Ereẓ Israel. Rivlin was born in Jerusalem into one of its old established families. He went into business and then became the secretary of the United Old Age Home in Jerusalem. As a young man, he became a… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • RIVLIN, HARRY N. — RIVLIN, HARRY N. (1904–1991), U.S. educator. Born in New York, Rivlin was a schoolteacher before joining the department of education at the City College of New York. In 1939, he organized and headed the department of education at the newly… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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